Stephen Azzi, Associate Professor, Carleton University
The Servant of Two Masters: Canadian Foreign Investment Policy since 1957
Canadian policy on foreign ownership has been pulled in different directions by often-conflicting impulses to foster economic growth and to respond to anti-American sentiment. As a result, Canada’s approach to foreign investors has been murky: too often, the objectives were not clearly-stated, the policy was based on conjecture rather than evidence, and legislation was not enforced in a transparent way. Stephen Azzi is author of Walter Gordon and the Rise of Canadian Nationalism (McGill–Queen’s University Press, 1999) and Reconcilable Differences: A History of Canada–US Relations (Oxford University Press, 2015.